Olympic History in Brief

Olympic History in Brief

Year

Place

Name of player & Achievements

1896

Athens

  • James Connolly (USA) won the triple jump,  becoming the first Olympic champion in more than 1500 years.

1900

Paris

  • Alvin Kraenziein claimed gold in four athletics events
  • Sailor Helene de Pourtales(Sui) became the first women champion.

1904

St. Louis

  • The first time Gold, Silver and Bronze metals were given.
  •  American gymnast George Eyser, whose left leg was made of wood, won six medals.

1908

London

  • Competitors paraded behind their country’s flag for the first time.

1912

Stockholm

  • Competitors from all five continents.
  • Automatic timing devices for the track events and Photo finish introduced
  • Jim Thorpe won the pentathlon and decathlon to be dubbed the ‘greatest athlete in the world’.

1920

Antwerp

  • Olympic flag and Oath debuted.
  • Swedish shooter Oscar Swahn, who won a silver at the age of 72, remains the oldest medalist ever.

1924

Paris

  • First city to host the games twice.
  • Closing ceremony and Olympic village introduced.
  • Games broadcast for the first time.

1928

Amsterdam

  • For the first time, a symbolic fire was lit during the games;
  • The tradition of Greece leading the parade started.
  • India started its winning streak in men’s hockey. It would win gold at all Games till1956.

1932

Los Angeles

  • Duration of the games was 16 days. It has remained between 15 and 18 days ever since.
  • Tradition of medalist standing on a podium with the flag of the winner being raised started.

1936

Berlin

  • Torch relay introduced.
  • First games to be televised.
  • At the 13yrs and 268 days, US diver Marjorie Gestring emerged the youngest individual Olympic champion

1952

Helsinki

  • Long- distance great Emil Zatopek of Czechoslovakia won three gold medals while his wife Dana claimed the javelin gold.
  • Wrestler K.D.Jadhav clinched Independent India’s first individual medal (bronze)

1956

Melbourne

  • Following a suggestion by Australia’s John Ian Wing, athletes marched together at the closing ceremony.
  • Equestrian was held in Stockholm due to quarantine laws.

1960

Rome

  • Adoption of the official anthem
  • Abebe Bikila, running barefoot, won the marathon to become the first Black African Olympic champion.
  • Cassius Marcellus Clay, later to become ‘The Greatest’ Muhammad Ali, won the light heavyweight title.
  • Milka Singh finished fourth in 400m

1964

Tokyo

  • First Olympic in Asia
  • Yoshinori Sakai, who lit the cauldron, was born on August 6, 1945, the day the atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
  • First time a team sport for women (volleyball) was held.

1968

Mexico city

  • Doping tests introduced.
  • American Dick Fosbury won the high jump with his innovative technique (Fosbury Flop)

1972

Munich

  • First official mascot (Waldi the dachshund)
  • USA’s Mark Spitz won a record seven gold medals in swimming, all with World record timings in a Games rocked by the massacre of Israeli athletes.

1984

Los Angeles

  • P.T.Usha missed out on a 400m bronze by 1/100th of a second.

1988

Seoul

  • Lewis took the 100m gold after the original winner Ben Johnson was disqualified for doping.

1992

Barcelona

  • Olympic Truce observed for the first time.

1996

Atlanta

  • All recognized National Olympic Committees were represented at the Centennial Games and Muhammad Ali lit the cauldron for an emotional start.
  • Austria’s Hubert Raudaschl became the first to compete in nine Olympics
  • Leander Paes won a bronze in tennis

2000

Sydney

  • Great Britain’s Steven Redgrave was the first rower to win gold metals at consecutive Games.
  • Karnam Malleswari became the first Indian woman to win a medal, a bronze in weightlifting.

2004

Athens

  • Swimmer Michael Phelps equalled a single Games record with eight medals, including six gold.
  • German Canoeist Birgit Fischer became the first to win two medals in five games.
  • Shooter Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore bagged India’s first individual silver.

2008

Beijing

  • Shooter Abhinav Bindra won India’s lone individual gold medal, the only one till date; India also claimed two bronze metals.

2012

London

  • India won Silver through Sushil Kumar (wrestling) and Vijay kumar (Shooting) and Bronze through Yogeshwar Dutt (wrestling), Saina Nehwal (badminton), Gagan Narang (shooting) and M.C. Mary Com (boxing)

2016

Rio

  • Bolt completed ‘Triple triple’
  • P.V.Sindhu won silver in badminton while Sakshi Malik gave India a bronze in wrestling
  • US gymnast Simone Biles put on a stunning performance to win the women’s all-around Olympic gold medal. She ended up with four gold medals and a Bronze