Nehru Report - 1928

Nehru Report - 1928

Nehru Report – 1928

  • Meetings of the All-Parties Conference were held in February, May and August 1928 to finalize the Nehru Report after Motilal Nehru, its principal author.
  • This report
    1. Defined Dominion Status as the form of government desired by India.
    2. India should be a federation on the basis of linguistic provinces and provincial autonomy
    3. Rejected the principle of separate communal electorates on which previous constitutional reforms had been based.
    4. Seats would be reserved for Muslims at the Centre and in provinces in which they were in a minority, but not in those where they had a numerical majority.
    5. The Report recommended the separation of Sind from Bombay and constitutional reform in the North-West Frontier Province.
    6. Recommended universal adult suffrage, equal rights for women, freedom to form unions, and dissociation of the state from religion in any form.

Report could not be approved why?

  • The Report could not be approved unanimously at the Calcutta Convention.
  • In the Nehru Report, three amendments moved by M.A. Jinnah, were accepted.
  • Two of these were the same as the third and fourth demands in the Delhi proposals, the first and the second of these demands having been conceded by the Nehru Report.
  • The third was a fresh demand that residuary powers should vest in the provinces.
  • A large section of the League led by Mohammed Shafi and the Aga Khan and many other Muslim communal groups refused to agree to these amendments; they were not willing to give up separate electorates.
  • By the end of 1928, a section led by Jinnah would not give up the demand for reservation of seats for Muslims especially in Muslim majority provinces.
  • The congress leaders were not willing to accept the weak center that the Jinnah proposals envisioned.
  • The Hindu Mahasabha and the Sikh League raised vehement objections to the parts of the Report dealing with Sind, North-west Frontier Province, Bengal and Punjab. They also refused to accept the Jinnah amendments.
  • Motilal Nehru and other secular leaders were in dilemma on this demand, if they conceded more to Muslim communal opinion, then Hindu communalists would withdraw support and if they satisfied the latter; then Muslim leaders would be estranged.
  • In the event, no further concessions were forthcoming and Jinnah declaring that the Nehru Report represented Hindu interests, he consolidated all the communal demands made by different communal organizations at different times into a single document which came to be known as Jinnah's Fourteen points.

Related Posts