India Army strengthens firepower in Eastern Sector

India Army strengthens firepower in Eastern Sector

GS II - Security challenges and their management in border areas

Geography (Optional) – Paper II - International boundary of India and related issues

  • The Army has augmented its firepower along the 1,300-km Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the eastern sector, especially in the Tawang sector, by integrating various services in real time through automation.
  • This includes upgraded L-70 air defence guns, M777 Ultra Light Howitzers, and automated and electronic fusion of Bofors and other artillery guns deployed along the LAC.

Integration of arms in LAC

  • The Army has set up “integrated defended localities” at several locations along the LAC.
  • These integrate various arms of the Army such as infantry, engineers, artillery, air defence, aviation and also the fighter aircraft of the Air Force, to respond to any threat in real time and bring in maximum firepower.
  • This was the first deployment (upgraded L-70 air defence guns) in high altitude areas across the country.
  • The M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers inducted in November 2018 have been deployed all along the LAC. The M777 is a 155-mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun and weighs just four tonnes.

Why integrated defences built around the Bumla area?

  • There were primarily two approaches for the enemy to move towards Tawang, 35 km from the LAC.
  • One was the valley after the ridgeline of the LAC.
  • Second was the road from Bumla to Tawang for a stretch of 35 km.
  • Dominating this area would help in thwarting the enemy’s plans.