GOP Senators support CAATSA waiver for India

GOP Senators support CAATSA waiver for India

GS II - Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Introduction of National Defense Authorization Act FY2022

  • The US government introduced the National Defense Authorization Act FY2022 — an annual defence budget Bill — to make it harder for the executive branch of the U.S. government to impose sanctions on members of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) for buying Russian arms.
  • Three Republican Senators have introduced an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act FY2022.
  • If the amendment goes through, this certification requirement will be in effect for 10 years from the date of its passage.
  • While it is not certain that the amendment will pass, its introduction is one of several recent signals that some U.S. lawmakers have recently been sending the administration to convey their desire not to see India sanctioned under CAATSA.
  • The move comes as India is expected to take delivery of the S-400 Triumf missile defence system from Moscow — possibly this month or next, potentially attracting sanctions under U.S. domestic law, the Countering Americas Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) of 2017.

What the latest legislation says?

  • The latest legislation, called the Circumspectly Reducing Unintended Consequences 15 Impairing Alliances and Leadership (CRUCIAL) Act of 2021, requires the U.S. President to certify to “appropriate congressional committees” that a U.S. Quad partner country (India, Australia, Japan) is not cooperating on “security matters critical to the United States strategic interests,” prior to applying CAATSA sanctions on entities from that country.
  • Effectively, this would mean the administration would have to say the Quad is dysfunctional, before imposing invoking CAATSA sanctions on its members.

Whether it is wrong time to impose such sanctions?

  • Doing so would accomplish nothing except undermining our shared security goals of combatting China’s aggression and forcing India to become dependent on Russia.
  • A Senate Republican aide said lawmakers recognised the security situation India has with China.
  • India is at the “centre” of the Quad countries “cooperating to counter China”, the aide said, and is “the only Quad member that actually shares a border with China, the only Quad member that has actually lost soldiers in combat with China.”
  • 2033-2034 and beyond, if India is still going to Russia, and is not taking steps to deepen ties with the Quad, there would be a different conversation at that time. So, India needs to be steps taken over time.

For Prelim make notes on it

  • Quad group
  • CAATSA
  • CRUCIAL
  • S-400

 

Source : The Hindu