About Bakerwals

About Bakerwals

Geography

  • The Bakarwal community is a Muslim pastoral tribe situated in Jammu and Kashmir, and along with the other tribal Muslim Gujjar group called Banihara form the third largest community in the state.
  • While the Baniharas deal in dairy farming, the Bakarwal herd sheep and goats.
  • A nomadic tribe, the Bakarwals are often recognised by the hundreds of kilometers long journey they take with their cattle every summer to Kashmir and Ladakh and back to Jammu in the winters.
  • The Bakarwals are known to be part of the larger ethnic group known as Gujjars who dominate large parts of Northern India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • In Jammu and Kashmir, the group practices Islam, but was listed as a Scheduled Tribe in 1991.

Gujjars

  • The Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir, essentially the Baniharas and the Bakarwals, are a migratory group.