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Civil Service Examination

Union Public Service Commission is a constitutional body, which conducts Civil Services Examination every year for recruitment to the Services and Posts mentioned below in accordance with the Rules published by the Department of Personnel and Training.

  • Indian Administrative Service.

  • Indian Foreign Service.

  • Indian Police Service.

  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).

  • Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.

  • Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’

  • Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.

  • Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).

  • Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.

  • Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'

  • Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'.

Every year UPSC Declares that the Number of Vacancies to be filled in accordance with requirement of that particular year.

Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Physically Disabled Categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.


Candidates to ensure their eligibility for the Examination

The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for admission to examination. Their admission to all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions.

After applying for Civil Services Examination, the eligible candidates shall be issued an e Admission Certificate three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admission Certificate will be made available in the UPSC website for downloading by candidates.

Allotment of Centres will be on the "first-apply-first allot" basis, and once the capacity of a particular Centre is attained, the same will be frozen. Applicants, who cannot get a Centre of their choice due to ceiling, will be required to choose a Centre from the remaining ones. Applicants are, thus, advised that they may apply early so that they could get a Centre of their choice.

Plan of Examination

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination - Candidates should note that there will be penalty (negative marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers (GS & CSAT) of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks. This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.

The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Civil Service (Main) Examination based on the criterion of minimum qualifying marks of 33% in General Studies PaperII of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination and total qualifying marks of General Studies Paper-I of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination as may be determined by the Commission

The Main Examination will consist of written examination and an interview test. The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay type. Marks obtained for all the compulsory papers (Paper-I to Paper-VII) and Marks obtained in Interview for Personality Test will be counted for ranking. Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shall be summoned by them for an interview for a Personality Test.

The number of candidates to be summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to be filled. The interview will carry 275 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the Examination and the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts.


Eligibility Conditions


  • For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

  • For other services, a candidate must be either.

  • (a) a citizen of India, or.

  • (b) a subject of Nepal, or

  • (c) a subject of Bhutan, or

  • (d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India

  • (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Age Limits

    A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on the 1st of August of that particular year.
    The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable :
  • upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.

  • upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

  • upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st December, 1989.

  • upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.

Minimum Educational Qualifications

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

Number of attempts

  • General Category – 6 attempts.

  • OBC – 9 attempts

  • SC & ST - number of attempts will not apply. .


  • An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Civil Services Examination..

  • If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.

Restrictions on applying for the examination

A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.