New population policy in U.P
- U.P. launched the State’s population policy for 2021-2030.
Reason for launching
- According to UP CM,
- Rising population was the root of major problems and prevailing inequality in society
- Increasing population can be an obstacle to development.
- If there is no gap between the birth of two children, it will naturally affect their nutrition.
- The new policy aims at decreasing the total fertility rate from 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026 and 1.7 by 2030, increase modern contraceptive prevalence rate from 31.7% to 45% by 2026 and 52% by 2030, increase male methods of contraception use from 10.8% to 15.1% by 2026 and 16.4% by 2030, decrease maternal mortality rate from 197 to 150 to 98, and infant mortality rate from 43 to 32 to 22, and under 5 infant mortality rate from 47 to 35 to 25.
- Targeting stabilisation, the draft of the policy also said the State would attempt to maintain a balance of population among the various communities.
- “Awareness and extensive programmes would be held among those communities, cadres and geographical areas that have a higher fertility rate,” the policy read.