Insurgents imposing strict orders in newly seized territory
GS II - Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
- Days after the Taliban captured a remote district in Afghanistan’s north, they issued their first orders in the form of a letter to the local imam.
- Women can’t go to the bazaar without a male companion.
- Men should not shave their beards
- Banned smoking
- Girls were banned from school
- Adultery were stoned to death
- Men would be beaten if they didn’t attend prayers
- Only wear traditional clothing
- Insurgents warned that anybody violating the rules “will be seriously dealt with”.
- The Taliban are making huge advances across the country as they capitalise on the final withdrawal of foreign troops —
- Capturing districts,
- Seizing key border crossings
- Encircling provincial capitals
- Last month they took Sher Khan Bandar, a northern customs post that connected the country to Tajikistan over a U.S.-funded bridge that spanned the Panj river.
- In some areas they are again introducing the harsh interpretation of Islamic rule that earned them notoriety until being overthrown by the US-led invasion that followed the September 11 attacks.
- The Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 according to an interpretation of the Koran little changed in centuries.
- Afghanistan is deeply conservative and some rural pockets of the country adhere to similar rules even without Taliban oversight -- but the insurgents have tried to impose these edicts even in more modern centres.
- The Taliban captured the strategic border crossing of Spin Boldak on the frontier with Pakistan.
- Dry ports seized by the Taliban.
- The border crossing is one of the most strategically valuable for the Taliban.
- It provides direct access to Pakistan’s Balochistan province — where the insurgents’ top leadership has been based for decades — along with an unknown number of reserve fighters who regularly enter Afghanistan to help bolster their ranks.
- Balochistan is a favoured destination for fighters regularly heading for medical treatment and hosts many of their families.
- A major highway leading from the border connects to Pakistan’s commercial capital Karachi and its sprawling port on the Arabian Sea, which is considered a linchpin for Afghanistan's billion-dollar heroin trade that has provided a crucial source of revenue for the Taliban's war chest over the years.
Purpose of capturing border post
- To choke off much-needed revenue from the government in Kabul while also filling their own coffers.